Hello friends,Previously we have discussed about real numbers definition and in today's session we all are going to discuss about one of the most interesting topic of mathematics,

First of all, we discuss what is numbers? Numbers are mathematical object which is used to count and measure different things. In mathematics there are so many numbers between positive numbers (1,2,3,4………), negative numbers(-1,-2,-3………).

………………-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 – 2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9………………………

But from algebra point of view, all numbers are defined in a set which is called as a real numbers and we divide real numbers into two types of numbers

We know rational numbers are represented as (a/b) where a and b are integers and b is not equal to zero, but when b is equal to 1 then all numbers are represented as rational numbers . There are following numbers which is a part of rational number set (Q) -

here W shows Whole Numbers set .

here N is natural number set.

here I represent set of integer number

Now further we are going to discuss our second type of real numbers irrational numbers.

Those numbers which are not part of rational numbers are part of irrational numbers or we can say that those numbers which are not represent in (a/b) form are called as a irrational numbers like sqrt(2), sqrt(5) etc.

At last, this picture represents whole story about Numbers

So, my friends this all about our

**number**system. In grade II of maharashtra board we learn counting of numbers(1,2,3,4,5,6,7…….) in mathematics, but we have not learnt about type of numbers. So in grade III we are going to learn What are numbers and definition of**whole numbers**and how to solve math problems related to it.First of all, we discuss what is numbers? Numbers are mathematical object which is used to count and measure different things. In mathematics there are so many numbers between positive numbers (1,2,3,4………), negative numbers(-1,-2,-3………).

………………-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 – 2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9………………………

But from algebra point of view, all numbers are defined in a set which is called as a real numbers and we divide real numbers into two types of numbers

- rational numbers
- irrational numbers

We know rational numbers are represented as (a/b) where a and b are integers and b is not equal to zero, but when b is equal to 1 then all numbers are represented as rational numbers . There are following numbers which is a part of rational number set (Q) -

- Whole Numbers (W) - In algebra, whole numbers can be represented by a set of numbers which is starting from 0 to infinity .

here W shows Whole Numbers set .

- Natural Numbers (N) - From algebraic number system, natural number is a set of number which include all whole numbers except 0.

here N is natural number set.

- Integer Numbers (I) - From algebraic definition, integer numbers are set of numbers which include all negative, positive and zero number except decimal numbers.

here I represent set of integer number

Now further we are going to discuss our second type of real numbers irrational numbers.

Those numbers which are not part of rational numbers are part of irrational numbers or we can say that those numbers which are not represent in (a/b) form are called as a irrational numbers like sqrt(2), sqrt(5) etc.

At last, this picture represents whole story about Numbers

So, my friends this all about our

**Grade III**mathematic topic Number System. I hope guys you enjoyed today's session and if anyone want to know about Models for multiplication then they can refer to internet and text books for understanding it more precisely.Read more maths topics of different grades such as Multiplication and division situations in the next session here.
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